Aarhus Universitetsforlag
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Fascism, Liberalism and Social Democracy in Central Europe

Past and Present

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364 pages
Paperback
ISBN 87 7288 719 2

Edited by
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About the book

The three main currents in twentieth century political thought and practice "fascism, liberalism, and social democracy", emerged not in isolation from one another, but rather as competing and conflicting ideologies connected with particular social strata in different parts of Central Europe. That historical legacy continues to exert influence on popular perceptions and the relationship of contemporary political parties in the postcommunist world.

This volume of essays seeks to place the forces of Neo-Liberalism, Social Democracy, and Neo-Fascism within their historical perspective and their appeal to contemporary constituencies. In addressing the left, center, and right political elements, an international group of authors presents detailed analyses of a myriad of political options, including the skinheads and Neo-Nazis of central Europe, Hungarian Social Democracy, the Civic Forum in the Czech Republic, the party system in Slovakia, the development of FPÖ in Austria, and the Radical right in the Czech Republic. Papers also document the fall and rise of Social Democracy in the Czech Republic, the undermining of Slovak democracy, and Austrian Social Democracy before and after 1945.

Concluding articles reflect on the limitations of Liberalism in Hungary and the ideology and role of socialist parties in the post-socialist milieu of Eastern-Central Europe. This book will be invaluable in providing the historical environment with an understanding of a vibrant, sometimes turbulent political arena.

Table of contents

Lene Bøgh Sørensen & Leslie C. Eliason: Introduction

Curt Sørensen: Historical Roots of Austrian Right Wing Politics: Traditions and Preconditions

Reinhold Gärtner: The Development of FPÖ from 1986 to 1996

Leslie C. Eliason: Austrian Social Democracy at the Crossroads: The Political Consequences of the 1999 Elections

Curt Sørensen: The Labour Movement in the First Austrian Republic: Theory and Praxis of Austromarxism

Vladimira Dvoráková: The Politics of Antipolitics? The Radical Right in the Czech Republic

Jirí Kunc: The Fall and Rise of Social Democracy in the Czech Republic

Václav Zák: Economists or Lawyers? Institutional Foundations of Emerging Democracy: The Czechoslovak Example

András Bozóki: Modernisation and Nationalism: Pathways to Power for ex-Communists in Europe, and the Hungarian Case

György Borsányi: Turning Points of Hungarian Social Democracy

Lene Bøgh Sørensen: Did Hungary Become Fascist?

László Kürti: Skinheads, Extremists and Neo-nazis in East-Central Europe

Bill Lomax: Combatting the Ultra-Right in Hungary: The Limitations of Liberalism

Grigorij Meseznikov: Ideological (Dis)Continuity as a Factor of the Formation of the Party System in Slovakia

About the Authors

Index

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